Agricultural Engineering, Volume 45, Number 3

LONG TERM YIELDS AND GAS EMISSIONS FROM POPLAR AND WILLOW GROWN ON AGRICULTURAL LAND IN DEPENDENCE TO NITROGEN FERTILIZATION

Ralf Pecenka, Antje Balasus, Volkhard Scholz, Jürgen Kern, Hannes Lenz
Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering

Abstract

The production of biomass for energy has been intensified worldwide during the last
years. However, its potential to face climate change is far away to be fully used yet. Agricultural
energy crop cultivation removes CO2 from atmosphere and thermal conversion of
these crops can replace fossil fuels. This form of CO2-neutral energy supply however might
be constrained by other greenhouse gases, which are released during the production and
consumption of energy crops. Poplar and willow are very promising energy crops for farmers
due to their high productivity and low demand on inputs such as of fertilizer and labour.
To evaluate the whole process chain of field wood cropping, different plantations have been
established on a loamy sand soil in Northeast of Germany in 1994 and 2008. The measuring
program of the long-term practical oriented field experiment started in 1994 includes yields,
energy gain, N2O emissions as well as ecologically relevant plant and soil constituents.
Three different fertilization rates (0, 75, and 150 kg N ha-1 yr-1) have been investigated for
poplar (P. maximovizcii x P. nigra) and willow (Salix viminalis). Based on the results of
this experiment a second experiment with reduced fertilization rates with poplar and willow
arranged in a random block design has been started in 2008. The focus of this experiment is
on nitrogen flux. Nitrogen fertilization led to leaching of nitrogen in all tests. The application
of 75 kg N ha-1 yr-1 caused an average increase of N leaching in the willow and poplar
plots of 25 kg N ha-1 yr-1 and 40 kg N ha-1 yr-1, respectively. Furthermore, all results indicate
a more effective and environmentally sound field wood production without the use of
mineral nitrogen fertilizer and a low influence of fertilization on yields.

Keyword(s): Bioenergy, poplar, willow, yield, fertilization, N2O, nitrogen


References

Bischoff, W.-A. 2009. Development and applications of the self-integrating

accumulators: A method to quantify the leaching losses of environmentally relevant

substances: Hohenheimer Bodenkundliche Hefte 91, Universität Hohenheim,

Stuttgart, Germany.

Crutzen, P.J.; Mosier, A.R.; Smith, K.A.; Winiwarter, W. 2008. N2O release

from agro-biofuel production negates global warming reduction by replacing

fossil fuels. Atmos Chem Phys 8: p. 389-395.

Hellebrand, H.J.; Kern, J.; Scholz, V. 2003. Long-term studies on greenhaus gas

fluxes during cultivation of energy crops on sandy soils. Atmospheric Environment

:1635-1644.

Hellebrand, H.J.; Scholz, V.; Kern, J. 2008. Fertiliser induced nitrous oxide

emissions during energy crop cultivation on loamy sand soils. Atmospheric Environment

: p. 8403-8411.

Jorgensen, R.N.; Jorgensen, B.J.; Nielsen, N.E.; Maag, M.; Lind, A.M. 1997.

N2O emission from energy crop fields of Miscanthus ''Giganteus'' and winter

rye. Atmospheric Environment 31 p. 2899-2904.

Jug, A.; Hofmann-Schiele, C.; Markeschin, F.; Rehfuss, K.E. 1999. Shortrotation

plantations of balsam poplars, aspen and willows on formaer arable

land in the Federal Republik of Germany: II Nutritional status and bioelement

export by harvestet shoot axes. Forest Ecology and Management 121: p. 67-83.

Kern, J.; Balasus, A.; Scholz, V.; Pecenka, R.; Bischoff, W.-A.; Schwarz. A.

Control of Greenhouse gas emissions in a short rotation coppice (SRC) by

reduced nitrogen fertilization. International Conference of Agricultural Engineering

CIGR-Ageng2012, 8-12 July 2012 Valencia, Spain.

Scholz, V.; Krüger, K.; Höhn, A. 2001. Umweltverträgliche und energieeffizient

Landwirtschaft. Agrartechnische Forschung 7 (3): p. 63-71.

Scholz, V., Ellerbrock, R. 2002. The growth productivity, and environmental

impact of the cultivation of energy crops on sandy soil in Germany. Biomass &

Bioenergy 23: p. 81-92.

Scholz, V.; Eckel, H.; Hartmann, S. (2009): Verfahren und Kosten der

Energieholzproduktion. In: Die Landwirtschaft als Energieerzeuger. KTBLSchrift


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
3589 views

Agricultural Engineering ISSN 1392-1134 / eISSN 2345-0371

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License. Responsible editor: Dr A. Žunda.