Agricultural Engineering, Volume 54 (2022)


Muhammed Lawal Attanda, Mohammed Shu’aibu Abubakar, Aliy Idris Muhammad, Aliyu Adinoyi
Bayero University


Harvesting groundnut is a serious problem in the Sudan Savannah of Northern Nigeria. The small- and medium-scale farmers harvest their groundnuts manually using traditional tools such as hoe. This practice is laborious, time-consuming, and leads to pod losses due to inefficient groundnut harvesting implement. In addition, the tractor-mounted groundnut harvesters are too expensive for these farmers to acquire. In view of the aforementioned, problems, a prototype of an animal-drawn groundnut digger was developed considering the agronomical and functional requirements for digging groundnut crops. The major components of the groundnut digger include a cutting blade, depth control wheel, frame, handles, and draft pole. A pair of bullocks pull the groundnut digger. The outcome of this research study could be used in reducing the drudgery involved during the digging of groundnut from the soil. The implement would also reduce pod losses, and boost agricultural mechanization during groundnut harvesting operations in the Sudan Savannah of Nigeria

Keyword(s): Groundnut harvester, Groundnut harvesting, Shaft design, Animal-drawn digger


Ademiluyi, Y. S., Oyelade, O. A., James, D. and Ozumba, I. C. 2011. Performance Evaluation of a Tractor Drawn Groundnut Digger/Shaker for Agricultural Productivity. In: Tillage for Agriculture Productivity and Environmental Sustainability Conference. 21-23 February 2011. Ilorin, Nigeria.

A. I. Muhammad, M. Isiaka, A. A. Fagge, M. L. Attanda, I. Lawan, and N. D. Dangora. Some engineering properties of three varieties of groundnut pods and kernels. Arid Zone Journal of Engineering, Technology and Environment, 2015, 11, 61–75 p. p.

A. I., Muhammad and Isiaka, M. Modification of locally developed groundnut sheller. Bayero Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2019, 14(2), 169–182 p.p.

American Society of Metallurgical Engineers, (ASME), 1948.

A. P. Onwualu and K. C. Watts. Draught and vertical forces obtained from dynamic soil cutting by plane tillage tools. Soil and Tillage Research, 1998, 48(4), p.p. 239–253.

B. Buba, 2003. Development of an improved animal drawn ground metered shrouded disc sprayer. M.Sc Thesis. Department of Agricultural Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Nigeria.

. Z. Moayad, M. El N. Ahmed, H. D. Mohammed, and S. M. Afraa. Development of Powered Groundnut Harvester for Small and Medium Holdings in North Kordofan State in Western Sudan. World Journal of Agricultural Research, 2014, 2(3), 119–123 p.p. doi: 10.12691/wjar-2-3-6.

Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). Testing and Evaluation of Agricultural Machinery and Equipment: Principles and Practices. FAO Agricultural services Bulletin. 110, Rome, 1994.

F. Singh and D. L. Oswalt. Groundnut Production Practices Skill Development, Series no. 3 Revised, Training and Fellowships Program, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India, 1995.

H. A. Ajeigbe, F. Waliyar, C. A. Echekwu, K. Ayuba, B. N. Motagi, D. Eniayeju, and A. Inuwa. A Farmer’s Guide to Profitable Groundnut Production in Nigeria. Patancheru 502324, Telangana, India: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. 12-13 pp. 2015.

J. Ndjuenga, A. Ibro, Y. Cisse, B. Ahmed, I. Miko, A. Moutari, A. Abdoulaye, O. Kodio, S. G. Mohammed and C. A., Echekwu, 2008. Characterizing village economies in major groundnut producing countries in West Africa: Cases of Mali, Niger and Nigeria. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. Working Paper Series.

K. C. Oni, 2011. Tillage in Nigerian Agriculture, A Lead paper presented at the Nigerian-Branch of International Soil Tillage Research Organization (ISTRONigeria) Symposium. University of Ilorin, Nigeria, 21st – 24th February 2011.

L. P. Gite. Optimum handle height for animal-drawn mould board plough. Feb; 22(1):21-8. Crop Production Engineering Division, Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, NabiBagh, Bhopal-462018, India, 1991.

L. Sean, G. Grant, and M. Paul. Evaluating Vehicle Mobility Using Bekker’s Equations, US Army TARDEC Warrenn, MI 48397 – 5000, 2000.

M. L. Attanda, and A. Adinoyi. Effect of Variety, Soil Moisture Content and Cutting Depth on Performance of a Single Row Animal Drawn Groundnut Digger. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT). 2016 32(6), 281 Pp.

M. R. Goe and R. E. McDowell, 1980. Animal Traction: Guidelines to utilization. Ithaca, NewYork, Cornell University International Agriculture Minco No. 81.

M. S. Abubakar and D. Ahmad. Utilization of and Constraints on Animal Traction in Jigawa State, Nigeria. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. 2010 4(6), 1152-1156 p.p.

P. C. Nautiyal, 2002. Post-Harvest Compendium, Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) Groundnut Post-harvest Operations. A Report of National Research Centre for Groundnut (ICAR) p.p. 2-22.

R. K. Ahmad, M. Kabir, A. I. Muhammad, I. Lawan, and H. K. Ahmad. Effect of extraction methods on the quality of groundnut oil in some small-scale industries in Kano state. Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 2018, 12(1).

R. Pearson Anne, E. Timothy, Simalenga, Rosina C. Krecek. 2003. Harnessing and Hitching Donkeys, Mules and Horses for work, Department of agric and rural engineering, University of Venda for Science and Technology, South Africa. 22 pp.

R. S. Khurmi and J. K. Gupta, 2007. A textbook of machine design. Eurasia publishing company (PVT) ltd. New Delhi, P.1230.

Utoh, N. O. and Ajeigbe, H. A. 2008. Dissemination of Legume and Cereal Certified Seeds using the Community Seeds Approach: In the Proceeding of the Training Workshop on Production of Legume and Cereal Seeds held on 24 January-10 February 2008 at IITA-Kano Station, Kano, Nigeria. 61-63 p.p.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Agricultural Engineering ISSN 1392-1134 / eISSN 2345-0371

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License. Responsible editor: Dr A. Žunda.